The white truffle (Tuber magnatum) of the Biferno Valley is one of the most prized truffles in the world. Right here, on the slopes of Matese, this underground mushroom spontaneously arises, one of the most sought-after food product on national and international markets.
In Molise, the seekers also extract the black summer truffle or Scorzone (Tuber aestivum) and the bianchetto or Marzuolo truffle (Tuber borchii), less valuable but much more present species.
Molise's vocation as a land of truffles comes from its uncontaminated territory and the vastness of its wooded areas. Where man has stopped cultivating, the truffle has begun to reproduce spontaneously, thanks to the presence of its symbiotic plants. The truffle, in fact, is a mushroom that is born and develops underground, aided by the lifeblood of the tree on whose roots it grows. In exchange for the carbohydrates necessary for its needs, the truffle helps the symbiotic plant to better absorb water and mineral salts, especially nitrogen and phosphorus. The trees with which the truffle establishes the symbiosis change according to the type.
The fine white truffle, for example, prefers the downy oak, the Turkey oak, the lime trees, the hazel, the poplars and the willows, the summer one the oak, the beech, the holm oak and the black pine.
A set of landscapes, ecosystems, valleys and woods accompanies the search for Molise quarrymen.
It is an ancient practice, handed down through the generations, from father to son. Man and animal, immersed in nature, season by season. Precisely for this reason, after the recent recognition of the practice of transhumance, the search for truffles could also become an intangible cultural heritage of UNESCO with the 2018 candidacy for "Truffle hunting and quarrying in Italy. Traditional knowledge and practices UNESCO intangible cultural heritage ".
Although it is not possible to know for certain the quantity of truffle collected each year in the Molise region, it is estimated that this small region supplies about 60% of the national production of white truffle which, in most cases, is sold in Italy and abroad. However, to date, there is no method for recognizing the origin of the truffle. So how can you choose a truffle from Molise? Simple, participate in the harvest with the quarrymen of La Piana dei Mulini!
It is possible to “go hunting” for truffles with our professional quarrymen, learn the techniques for training dogs, discover all the secrets of this fragrant mushroom. The experience also includes a cooking lesson with our chefs to learn how to preserve the fresh truffle and the best techniques for using it in the kitchen.
I golosi di tutte le epoche non hanno mai pronunciato il nome del tartufo senza portare la mano al cappello